In the Arctic, where air temperatures are rising at about twice the global rate, scientists are seeing major shifts in plant life. Trees and shrubs are expanding by pushing northward, while the low-to-the-ground tundra plants to their north are shrinking in range. In this visualization, watch these changes and the influence they are forecasted to have on the climate system. For background information, educational resources, and more, visit Greening of the Arctic on the Science Bulletins Web site.
Science Bulletins is a production of the National Center for Science Literacy, Education, and Technology (NCSLET), part of the Department of Education at the American Museum of Natural History. This visualization was supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Science Foundation (NSF).
2013 ozone hole information
• NOAA: Encouraging information from this year’s observations of the Antarctic ozone hole
General ozone information
• NOAA Earth Systems Research Laboratory: Twenty Questions and Answers About the Ozone Layer
• UNEP Ozone Secretariat
• Estimating When the Antarctic Ozone Hole will Recover (Paul A. Newman and colleagues)
• NASA Ozone Hole Watch
• NASA Earth Observatory: Ozone
• NOAA Total Ozone Analysis using SBUV/2 and TOVS (TOAST)
• NASA Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (Nimbus-7 satellite)
• NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory
Ozone’s Slow Recovery for spherical display